What is cortisol?
Cortisol is known as the “stress hormone.” It is a steroid hormone produced and released by the adrenal glands, which are part of the endocrine system. They are triangle-shaped and sit on top of our kidneys.
Hormones are chemicals that help various functions in our body. They travel through the blood to carry messages to other organs. The signals received tell our body how to react.
Cortisol is considered an essential hormone as it plays an important rule in our body. It affects almost every organ and tissue, and mostly it helps regulate the body response to stress.
Our body releases cortisol when we experience any type of stress. Higher or lower cortisol levels can be dangerous to our health. Through body receptors it reaches the entire body such as the Immune, the Nervous, the Respiratory, the Cardiovascular and the Reproductive systems. Of course, it is not limited to these as it controls the sleep-wake cycles, metabolism in our muscles, the liver, fats and sugars. If the level of cortisol is not normal in our body we can become very sick. Some unwanted side effects are wrinkles, dark circles and weight gain. Therefore, it is very important to learn techniques to prevent or reduce stress daily. We all deserve to be healthy, happy and beautiful!
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