The birth of the Italian Republic is celebrated every year in Italy on June 2nd, to commemorate the referendum made on that same day in 1946 which decreed Italy’s transition from a monarchical to a republican political system. La Festa della Repubblica is an observed national holiday.
The ceremony takes place in Rome and includes the laying of a laurel wreath in tribute to the Unknown Soldier (Milite Ignoto), at the Altar of the Fatherland (Altare della Patria), by the President of the Italian Republic and a military parade along Via dei Fori Imperiali.
The emblem of the Italian Republic features the olive and the oak branches, the steel cogwheel, and the star. The olive branch symbolizes the nation’s desire for peace, both in the sense of domestic concord and international brotherhood. The oak branch embodies the strength and dignity of the Italian people. The steel cogwheel, a symbol of labor activity, translates the first article of the Constitutional Charter, “Italy is a democratic republic founded on labor.” The Star of Italian Solidarity, associated with the personification of Italy, indicates membership in the Armed Forces of the Italian country.
BUONA FESTA DELLA REPUBBLICA!
HAPPY REPUBLIC DAY!
¡FELIZ DÍA DE LA REPÚBLICA!