Italian Grammar for English Speakers

Difference between  è  and e

è  is the third person singular of the verb essere (to be). In English it means is. To be recognized it carries the accent. Its pronunciation is open as in “well.”


Il libro è  rosso. (The book is red.)

Il libro rosso è interessante. (The red book is interesting.)

Instead, e is a conjunction. In English it means and. Its pronunciation is closed as in “egg.”


ll gatto e il cane sono due animali. (The cat and the dog are two animals.)

Il gatto e il cane hanno la coda. (The cat and the dog have tails.)

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